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GENDER OF NOUNS

The noun is a part of speech which denotes a person or an object.
Nouns in Ukrainian answer the questions "хто?" (who) and "що?" (what).
All nouns in Ukrainian regardless of whether they are animate or inanimate have the grammar category of gender.
There are 3 genders in Ukrainian:
masculine (m)
feminine (f)
neuter (n)
The gender is defined by the final letter of the noun.
In general, nouns which have a stem in a consonant, either hard or soft, and a zero ending are masculine and they may be replaced with the pronoun "він" (he).
Nouns with the consonant stem followed by vowel endings "-a" or "-я" are feminine and they may be replaced with the pronoun "вoнa" (she).
Nouns with the consonant stem followed by vowel endings "-о" or "-е" and occasionally "-я" are neuter, and they may be replaced with the pronoun "вoнo" (it).

For example / Наприклад:
М: студент, клас, учень, будинок, стіл, брат.
F: студентка, кімната, сім'я, вулиця, країна, сестра.
N: вікно, поле, ім'я, місто, прізвище.


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