Language Canvas Course Home   Beginning Turkish: Lesson 1

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Lesson 1: Okul

Dialog: Nasılsınız?Play Video

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Kenan Bey: Günaydın Hasan Bey!1 Günaydın Hasan Bey!
Courteous formal greeting generally used in the early part of the day.
Can be used on all social levels by both men and women.

"Günaydın" is a compound word:
gün = day
aydın = lucid, clear

It is an opening greeting. The response to it can also be "Günaydın."
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Hasan Bey: Günaydın Kenan Bey!2 Kenan Bey!
This is a semi-formal courteous address spoken only to males. It consists of the first name of the addressee and the particle of respect "Bey."

Note: "Bey" follows the first names of males who are being addressed. It is proper to use with any male person over the age of seven irrespective of social status. When addressing a person by his profession, you can use Bey with profession names. E. g. Garson Bey! "waiter!"

Grammatical note: In Turkish, nouns used to address people are in the "nominative case."

[See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Nominative Case (Gr 4.4.2.1) at the end of the unit]

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Kenan Bey: Nasılsınız?
Hasan Bey: İyiyim, teşekkür ederim3 teşekkür ederim
This is one way of saying "Thank You" to someone for something. It can be used at any social level.

This phrase should be pronounced as one unit with the stress on the first word. You should never emphasize "ederim."
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. Siz nasılsınız?
Kenan Bey: Ben de iyiyim. Teşekkür ederim.
Hasan Bey: Görüşürüz.4 Görüşürüz.
A polite way to say "goodbye" on any social level.

The variant "Görüşmek üzere!" means: "See you again!" or "See you soon!"
Don't use it in a formal situation if you initiate the greeting, but if the other party used this first, you should respond with the same phrase.
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Kenan Bey: Görüşürüz.

Reading: Okul
Bu kim?5 kim?
Use this word to ask the identity of a person.
[See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: Interrogative Pronouns (Gr 7.1.3) at the end of the unit]
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Bu öğretmen. Bu ne?6 Bu ne?
Use this word to ask about things or animals (nonpersons).
[See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: Interrogative Pronouns (Gr 7.1.3) at the end of the unit]
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Bu okul. Öğretmen7 Öğretmen
Derives from "öğret" - 'to teach,' with the suffix "-men."
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nerede? Öğretmen okulda mı?8 Öğretmen okulda mı?
Yes or no questions can be formed by using the question particle "mi." [It has four forms: mı, mi, mu, mü].

"-mi" [etc.] is generally placed at the end of the sentence and
is spelled separately from the preceding word.

[See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Interrogative Particle "-mi" (Gr 9.1.1) at the end of the unit]

There is no special word order for forming questions in Turkish.
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Evet, öğretmen okulda9 okulda
The noun "okul" plus the "locative" ending "da."

The locative marker on nouns or pronouns expresses location in space or time.

[See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Locative Case (Gr 4.4.2.6) at the end of the unit]
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. Bu kim? Bu hademe. Bu ne? Bu tebeşir. Tebeşir nerede? Tebeşir masada. Resim nerede? Resim duvarda mı? Evet duvarda.

Ayşe10 Ayşe
Female name frequently used in Turkey. This was the name of the Prophet Muhammad's favorite wife.
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nerede çalıştı?11 çalıştı?
Verbs in Turkish change their form depending on the subject--in this case the 3rd person singular (used when 'he,' 'she' or 'it' is the subject of the verb).

This verb is in the definite past tense. It is used when an action in the past is thought of as definitely having occured.
In this case we knew for sure that Aysha was working--we just did
not know the place where.



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Ayşe okulda çalıştı. Bu kim? Tuncel12 Tuncel
You don't have to repeat "bu."
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. Tuncel nerede
oturdu? Sandalyede.13 Sandalyede.
The subject and verb of the question need not be repeated.

You should be aware, however, that the full answer would be:
"Tuncel sandalyede oturdu."
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Dün öğrenciler14 öğrenciler
The plural ending for a subject is usually -lar or -ler, depending on the principles of vowel harmony.

[See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: Plural Nouns (Gr 4.3) at the end of the unit]

Note that the finite verb ending changes when the object is 3rd person plural. (The "they" form).

[See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: Vowel Harmony of Suffixes and Particles (Gr 2.3) at the end of the unit]
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nerede okudular? Sınıfta. Kitap nerede?
Kitaplıkta. Tuzlukta ne var? Tuz.

Erol15 Erol
A male name.
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nerede? Erol Gençlik Parkı'nda16 Gençlik Parkı'nda
A place for picnics and entertainment in Ankara.
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. Gençlik Parkı'nda ne var? Bugün orada
bir konser var. Gençlik Parkı uzakta17 uzakta
The locative case of the noun "uzak " is used as an adverb here.

[See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Locative Case (Gr 4.4.2.6) at the end of the unit]
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mı? Evet, oldukça18 oldukça
A verbal modifier based on "ol" 'to be.'
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uzakta.

Turkish Proverb: İt ürür kervan yürür19 İt ürür kervan yürür
An ancient Turkish proverb. Its first known occurrence is in Muhammad Shaybani Khan's "Divan" (a collection of poems, 1608-09). It is an assertion, with some irony, that "You are too insignificant to influence the course of events that surround you," i.e. "You're not such a big deal."

Note: Turkish proverbs often consist of rhyming elements.
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.

MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Nominative Case (Gr 4.4.2.1) The Nominative Case (Gr 4.4.2.1)
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| Interrogative Pronouns (Gr 7.1.3) Interrogative Pronouns (Gr 7.1.3)
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The Interrogative Particle "-mi" (Gr 9.1.1) The Interrogative Particle "-mi" (Gr 9.1.1)
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| The Locative Case (Gr 4.4.2.6) The Locative Case (Gr 4.4.2.6)
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| Plural Nouns (Gr 4.3) Plural Nouns (Gr 4.3)
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Vowel Harmony of Suffixes and Particles (Gr 2.3) Vowel Harmony of Suffixes and Particles (Gr 2.3)
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We welcome your feedback on these lessons. If you would like to use exercises for each lesson such as Multiple Choice, Fill in the Blank, and Listening Dictation that keep track of your score and progress ad-free, subscribe to this course today!
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Copyright 1995-2017 Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. Used under license, see https://languagecanvas.com

 

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  1. Günaydın Hasan Bey!

    Courteous formal greeting generally used in the early part of the day.
    Can be used on all social levels by both men and women.

    "Günaydın" is a compound word:
    gün = day
    aydın = lucid, clear

    It is an opening greeting. The response to it can also be "Günaydın."

  2. Kenan Bey!

    This is a semi-formal courteous address spoken only to males. It consists of the first name of the addressee and the particle of respect "Bey."

    Note: "Bey" follows the first names of males who are being addressed. It is proper to use with any male person over the age of seven irrespective of social status. When addressing a person by his profession, you can use Bey with profession names. E. g. Garson Bey! "waiter!"

    Grammatical note: In Turkish, nouns used to address people are in the "nominative case."

    [See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Nominative Case (Gr 4.4.2.1) at the end of the unit]

  3. teşekkür ederim

    This is one way of saying "Thank You" to someone for something. It can be used at any social level.

    This phrase should be pronounced as one unit with the stress on the first word. You should never emphasize "ederim."

  4. Görüşürüz.

    A polite way to say "goodbye" on any social level.

    The variant "Görüşmek üzere!" means: "See you again!" or "See you soon!"
    Don't use it in a formal situation if you initiate the greeting, but if the other party used this first, you should respond with the same phrase.

  5. kim?

    Use this word to ask the identity of a person.
    [See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: Interrogative Pronouns (Gr 7.1.3) at the end of the unit]

  6. Bu ne?

    Use this word to ask about things or animals (nonpersons).
    [See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: Interrogative Pronouns (Gr 7.1.3) at the end of the unit]

  7. Öğretmen

    Derives from "öğret" - 'to teach,' with the suffix "-men."

  8. Öğretmen okulda mı?

    Yes or no questions can be formed by using the question particle "mi." [It has four forms: mı, mi, mu, mü].

    "-mi" [etc.] is generally placed at the end of the sentence and
    is spelled separately from the preceding word.

    [See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Interrogative Particle "-mi" (Gr 9.1.1) at the end of the unit]

    There is no special word order for forming questions in Turkish.

  9. okulda

    The noun "okul" plus the "locative" ending "da."

    The locative marker on nouns or pronouns expresses location in space or time.

    [See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Locative Case (Gr 4.4.2.6) at the end of the unit]

  10. Ayşe

    Female name frequently used in Turkey. This was the name of the Prophet Muhammad's favorite wife.

  11. çalıştı?

    Verbs in Turkish change their form depending on the subject--in this case the 3rd person singular (used when 'he,' 'she' or 'it' is the subject of the verb).

    This verb is in the definite past tense. It is used when an action in the past is thought of as definitely having occured.
    In this case we knew for sure that Aysha was working--we just did
    not know the place where.



  12. Tuncel

    You don't have to repeat "bu."

  13. Sandalyede.

    The subject and verb of the question need not be repeated.

    You should be aware, however, that the full answer would be:
    "Tuncel sandalyede oturdu."

  14. öğrenciler

    The plural ending for a subject is usually -lar or -ler, depending on the principles of vowel harmony.

    [See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: Plural Nouns (Gr 4.3) at the end of the unit]

    Note that the finite verb ending changes when the object is 3rd person plural. (The "they" form).

    [See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: Vowel Harmony of Suffixes and Particles (Gr 2.3) at the end of the unit]

  15. Erol

    A male name.

  16. Gençlik Parkı'nda

    A place for picnics and entertainment in Ankara.

  17. uzakta

    The locative case of the noun "uzak " is used as an adverb here.

    [See MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Locative Case (Gr 4.4.2.6) at the end of the unit]

  18. oldukça

    A verbal modifier based on "ol" 'to be.'

  19. İt ürür kervan yürür

    An ancient Turkish proverb. Its first known occurrence is in Muhammad Shaybani Khan's "Divan" (a collection of poems, 1608-09). It is an assertion, with some irony, that "You are too insignificant to influence the course of events that surround you," i.e. "You're not such a big deal."

    Note: Turkish proverbs often consist of rhyming elements.

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Turkish: Word View, click below to listen
Lesson 1: Okul

Dialog: Nasılsınız?Play Video

Kenan Bey: Günaydın Hasan Bey!
Hasan Bey: Günaydın Kenan Bey!
Kenan Bey: Nasılsınız?
Hasan Bey: İyiyim, teşekkür ederim. Siz nasılsınız?
Kenan Bey: Ben de iyiyim. Teşekkür ederim.
Hasan Bey: Görüşürüz.
Kenan Bey: Görüşürüz.

Reading: Okul
Bu kim? Bu öğretmen. Bu ne? Bu okul. Öğretmen nerede? Öğretmen okulda ? Evet, öğretmen okulda. Bu kim? Bu hademe. Bu ne? Bu tebeşir. Tebeşir nerede? Tebeşir masada. Resim nerede? Resim duvarda ? Evet duvarda.

Ayşe nerede çalıştı? Ayşe okulda çalıştı. Bu kim? Tuncel. Tuncel nerede
oturdu? Sandalyede. Dün öğrenciler nerede okudular? Sınıfta. Kitap nerede?
Kitaplıkta. Tuzlukta ne var? Tuz.

Erol nerede? Erol Gençlik Parkı'nda. Gençlik Parkı'nda ne var? Bugün orada
bir konser var. Gençlik Parkı uzakta ? Evet, oldukça uzakta.

Turkish Proverb: İt ürür kervan yürür.

MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Nominative Case (Gr 4.4.2.1) | Interrogative Pronouns (Gr 7.1.3)
The Interrogative Particle "-mi" (Gr 9.1.1) | The Locative Case (Gr 4.4.2.6) | Plural Nouns (Gr 4.3) Vowel Harmony of Suffixes and Particles (Gr 2.3)


We welcome your feedback on these lessons. If you would like to use exercises for each lesson such as Multiple Choice, Fill in the Blank, and Listening Dictation that keep track of your score and progress ad-free, subscribe to this course today!
Follow us on: Facebook Twitter

Copyright 1995-2017 Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. Used under license, see https://languagecanvas.com

Turkish: Sentence View, click below to listen
Lesson 1: Okul

Dialog: Nasılsınız?Play Video

Kenan Bey: Günaydın Hasan Bey!
Hasan Bey: Günaydın Kenan Bey!
Kenan Bey: Nasılsınız?
Hasan Bey: İyiyim, teşekkür ederim. Siz nasılsınız?
Kenan Bey: Ben de iyiyim. Teşekkür ederim.
Hasan Bey: Görüşürüz.
Kenan Bey: Görüşürüz.

Reading: Okul
Bu kim? Bu öğretmen. Bu ne? Bu okul. Öğretmen nerede? Öğretmen okulda mı? Evet, öğretmen okulda. Bu kim? Bu hademe. Bu ne? Bu tebeşir. Tebeşir nerede? Tebeşir masada. Resim nerede? Resim duvarda mı? Evet duvarda.

Ayşe nerede çalıştı? Ayşe okulda çalıştı. Bu kim? Tuncel. Tuncel nerede oturdu? Sandalyede. Dün öğrenciler nerede okudular? Sınıfta. Kitap nerede?
Kitaplıkta. Tuzlukta ne var? Tuz.

Erol nerede? Erol Gençlik Parkı'nda. Gençlik Parkı'nda ne var? Bugün orada bir konser var. Gençlik Parkı uzakta mı? Evet, oldukça uzakta.

Turkish Proverb: İt ürür kervan yürür.

MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Nominative Case (Gr 4.4.2.1) | Interrogative Pronouns (Gr 7.1.3)
The Interrogative Particle "-mi" (Gr 9.1.1) | The Locative Case (Gr 4.4.2.6) | Plural Nouns (Gr 4.3) Vowel Harmony of Suffixes and Particles (Gr 2.3)


We welcome your feedback on these lessons. If you would like to use exercises for each lesson such as Multiple Choice, Fill in the Blank, and Listening Dictation that keep track of your score and progress ad-free, subscribe to this course today!
Follow us on: Facebook Twitter

Copyright 1995-2017 Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. Used under license, see https://languagecanvas.com

American English: Word View, click below to listen
Lesson 1: Okul

Dialog: Nasılsınız?Play Video

Kenan Bey: Günaydın Hasan Bey!
Hasan Bey: Günaydın Kenan Bey!
Kenan Bey: Nasılsınız?
Hasan Bey: İyiyim, teşekkür ederim. Siz nasılsınız?
Kenan Bey: Ben de iyiyim. Teşekkür ederim.
Hasan Bey: Görüşürüz.
Kenan Bey: Görüşürüz.

Reading: Okul
Bu kim? Bu öğretmen. Bu ne? Bu okul. Öğretmen nerede? Öğretmen okulda ? Evet, öğretmen okulda. Bu kim? Bu hademe. Bu ne? Bu tebeşir. Tebeşir nerede? Tebeşir masada. Resim nerede? Resim duvarda ? Evet duvarda.

Ayşe nerede çalıştı? Ayşe okulda çalıştı. Bu kim? Tuncel. Tuncel nerede
oturdu? Sandalyede. Dün öğrenciler nerede okudular? Sınıfta. Kitap nerede?
Kitaplıkta. Tuzlukta ne var? Tuz.

Erol nerede? Erol Gençlik Parkı'nda. Gençlik Parkı'nda ne var? Bugün orada
bir konser var. Gençlik Parkı uzakta ? Evet, oldukça uzakta.

Turkish Proverb: İt ürür kervan yürür.

MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Nominative Case (Gr 4.4.2.1) | Interrogative Pronouns (Gr 7.1.3)
The Interrogative Particle "-mi" (Gr 9.1.1) | The Locative Case (Gr 4.4.2.6) | Plural Nouns (Gr 4.3) Vowel Harmony of Suffixes and Particles (Gr 2.3)


We welcome your feedback on these lessons. If you would like to use exercises for each lesson such as Multiple Choice, Fill in the Blank, and Listening Dictation that keep track of your score and progress ad-free, subscribe to this course today!
Follow us on: Facebook Twitter

Copyright 1995-2017 Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. Used under license, see https://languagecanvas.com

American English: Sentence View, click below to listen
Lesson 1: Okul

Dialog: Nasılsınız?Play Video

Kenan Bey: Günaydın Hasan Bey!
Hasan Bey: Günaydın Kenan Bey!
Kenan Bey: Nasılsınız?
Hasan Bey: İyiyim, teşekkür ederim. Siz nasılsınız?
Kenan Bey: Ben de iyiyim. Teşekkür ederim.
Hasan Bey: Görüşürüz.
Kenan Bey: Görüşürüz.

Reading: Okul
Bu kim? Bu öğretmen. Bu ne? Bu okul. Öğretmen nerede? Öğretmen okulda mı? Evet, öğretmen okulda. Bu kim? Bu hademe. Bu ne? Bu tebeşir. Tebeşir nerede? Tebeşir masada. Resim nerede? Resim duvarda mı? Evet duvarda.

Ayşe nerede çalıştı? Ayşe okulda çalıştı. Bu kim? Tuncel. Tuncel nerede oturdu? Sandalyede. Dün öğrenciler nerede okudular? Sınıfta. Kitap nerede?
Kitaplıkta. Tuzlukta ne var? Tuz.

Erol nerede? Erol Gençlik Parkı'nda. Gençlik Parkı'nda ne var? Bugün orada bir konser var. Gençlik Parkı uzakta mı? Evet, oldukça uzakta.

Turkish Proverb: İt ürür kervan yürür.

MORE ABOUT GRAMMAR: The Nominative Case (Gr 4.4.2.1) | Interrogative Pronouns (Gr 7.1.3)
The Interrogative Particle "-mi" (Gr 9.1.1) | The Locative Case (Gr 4.4.2.6) | Plural Nouns (Gr 4.3) Vowel Harmony of Suffixes and Particles (Gr 2.3)


We welcome your feedback on these lessons. If you would like to use exercises for each lesson such as Multiple Choice, Fill in the Blank, and Listening Dictation that keep track of your score and progress ad-free, subscribe to this course today!
Follow us on: Facebook Twitter

Copyright 1995-2017 Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. Used under license, see https://languagecanvas.com