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Lesson 10: Tóuleuhn Hohkjaahp Gaiwaahk


(Dihnwáa héung, Lòh Ōn-Nèih hàahng gwolèih jip dihnwáa.) Play Video

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Lòh Ōn-Nèih: Wéi1 Wéi
Conventional way of answering the phone, as with 'hello' in English.

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, Bīnwái2 Bīnwái
The honorific counterpart to *bīngo* 'who, whom.' The phrase seems more abrupt in translation than it actually is in Cantonese. The sense is more like 'who is calling please?' than the more blunt 'who are you?'
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a?
Làhm Yèuhng-Jí: Ōn-Nèih a? Ngóh haih Yèuhng-Jí a3 Ngóh haih Yèuhng-Jí a
A conventional way to identify oneself, roughly equivalent to the English 'this is ...'
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.
Lòh: Héi! Yèuhng-Jí, Néih hóu4 Néih hóu
Although *Néih hóu* is a little formal for greetings among friends, it is used here as part of phone language .
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! Dòjèh néih fūk ngóh dihnwá.
Làhm: M̀hsái haakhei. Yáuh mātyéh sih5 Yáuh mātyéh sih
Again, this seems abrupt in translation but is not in Cantonese. It can have the sense of 'what's going on?' or, in more formal contexts, 'what can I do for you?'
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a?
Lòh: Séuhng mahnháh néih syúnfoge sih6 sih
Another way to say *sihchìhng* 'matter(s), thing(s)'
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; néih syúnhóu7 syúnhóu
*Hóu* is used here as a verb complement indicating that the action is finished.
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meih a?
Làhm: Syúnhóu la.
Lòh: Néih syún8
A perfective aspect particle, meaning that the event is viewed as completed. Although verbs with *-jó* are often translated in English as past tense, *jó* is not a past tense marker. Cantonese marks real time with time words, not verb suffixes.
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mātyéh fo?
Làhm: Gúmàhn, Saanmàhn, tùhng Jokmàhn fo. Néih 9
The final particle *nē* marks continuation of the topic. This sentence means 'And what courses have you chosen?'
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?
Lòh: Ngóh syúnjó Yihndoih Honyúh tùhng Tòhngsì10 Tòhngsì
*Tòhngsì* or Tang poetry. The Tang Dynasty (618-907) is considered China's golden age of poetry.
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; daahnhaih
m̀hjì juhng yiu syúndī mātyéh hóu.11 syúndī mātyéh hóu.
Literally 'choose what good,' * syún mātyéh hóu* is more freely translated as 'what would be good?'
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Làhm: Néih wáa12 wáa
Literally means 'to say,' *wáa* can also be used to express an opinion as with 'what do you say?'
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Jokmàhn fo dím a?
Lòh: Géidímjùng ge fo nē?
Làhm: Hahjau sàam dím13 Hahjau sàam dím
Chinese syntax typically follows a large to small pattern. Dates and time follow this pattern as do addresses.

Examples:
year-month-week-day-part of day-time
country-city-street-house (or apartment) number-name
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.
Lòh: M̀, géi hóu; juhng hóyíh tùhng néih14 tùhng néih
This is a coverbial construction. Note that the coverbial phrase typically precedes the main verb in Cantonese.
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yātchàih séuhngfo tìm15 tìm
Final particle meaning 'as well, along with.'
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.
Làhm: Wò! Daahnhaih kàhmyaht haih jeuihàuh yātyaht syún fo ge la bo.
Lòh: Wò, chàahm làh, Ngóh m̀hgeidāk tìm. Dím syun a16 Dím syun a
Literally, 'What to choose,' this utterance means 'What can I do?'
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?
Làhm: M̀hjì a. Bātgwo, néih hóyíh heui mahn Jùngmàhn haih ge Jèung Lóusì.
Lòh: Hóm̀hhóyíh pùih ngóh17 pùih ngóh
A coverbial phrase meaning 'to accompany.'
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yātchàih heui a?
Làhm: Hóyíh. Daahnhaih gàmyaht taai ngaan la, kéuih m̀hhéuhngdouh. Yiu dángdou18 dángdou
*Dou* 'until' is used here as a verb complement giving the verb phrase the sense of 'wait until.'
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hahgo sìngkèihyāt.
Lòh: Hóu la, hahgo sìngkèihyāt heui.
Làhm: Hóu. Haih gam sìn19 Haih gam sìn
Literally 'it is thus first,' this phrase is a conventional way to wrap up a conversation. Note that Chinese do not always conclude a telephone conversation by saying goodbye.
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____________Additional Notes____________
This Lesson in Chinese Characters This Lesson in Chinese Characters
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[ Conventions and Grammatical Terms20 Conventions and Grammatical Terms

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| Particles21 Particles

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| Courses of Study | Courses of Study
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| Study Terms Study Terms
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]


We welcome your feedback on these lessons. If you would like to use exercises for each lesson such as Multiple Choice, Fill in the Blank, and Listening Dictation that keep track of your score and progress ad-free, subscribe to this course today!
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Copyright 1995-2017 Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. Used under license, see https://languagecanvas.com

 

▲ Hide Footnotes

  1. Wéi

    Conventional way of answering the phone, as with 'hello' in English.

  2. Bīnwái

    The honorific counterpart to *bīngo* 'who, whom.' The phrase seems more abrupt in translation than it actually is in Cantonese. The sense is more like 'who is calling please?' than the more blunt 'who are you?'

  3. Ngóh haih Yèuhng-Jí a

    A conventional way to identify oneself, roughly equivalent to the English 'this is ...'

  4. Néih hóu

    Although *Néih hóu* is a little formal for greetings among friends, it is used here as part of phone language .

  5. Yáuh mātyéh sih

    Again, this seems abrupt in translation but is not in Cantonese. It can have the sense of 'what's going on?' or, in more formal contexts, 'what can I do for you?'

  6. sih

    Another way to say *sihchìhng* 'matter(s), thing(s)'

  7. syúnhóu

    *Hóu* is used here as a verb complement indicating that the action is finished.

  8. A perfective aspect particle, meaning that the event is viewed as completed. Although verbs with *-jó* are often translated in English as past tense, *jó* is not a past tense marker. Cantonese marks real time with time words, not verb suffixes.

  9. The final particle *nē* marks continuation of the topic. This sentence means 'And what courses have you chosen?'

  10. Tòhngsì

    *Tòhngsì* or Tang poetry. The Tang Dynasty (618-907) is considered China's golden age of poetry.

  11. syúndī mātyéh hóu.

    Literally 'choose what good,' * syún mātyéh hóu* is more freely translated as 'what would be good?'

  12. wáa

    Literally means 'to say,' *wáa* can also be used to express an opinion as with 'what do you say?'

  13. Hahjau sàam dím

    Chinese syntax typically follows a large to small pattern. Dates and time follow this pattern as do addresses.

    Examples:
    year-month-week-day-part of day-time
    country-city-street-house (or apartment) number-name

  14. tùhng néih

    This is a coverbial construction. Note that the coverbial phrase typically precedes the main verb in Cantonese.

  15. tìm

    Final particle meaning 'as well, along with.'

  16. Dím syun a

    Literally, 'What to choose,' this utterance means 'What can I do?'

  17. pùih ngóh

    A coverbial phrase meaning 'to accompany.'

  18. dángdou

    *Dou* 'until' is used here as a verb complement giving the verb phrase the sense of 'wait until.'

  19. Haih gam sìn

    Literally 'it is thus first,' this phrase is a conventional way to wrap up a conversation. Note that Chinese do not always conclude a telephone conversation by saying goodbye.

  20. Conventions and Grammatical Terms

  21. Particles

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Cantonese: Word View, click below to listen
Lesson 10: Tóuleuhn Hohkjaahp Gaiwaahk


(Dihnwáa héung, Lòh Ōn-Nèih hàahng gwolèih jip dihnwáa.) Play Video


Lòh Ōn-Nèih: Wéi, Bīnwái a?
Làhm Yèuhng-Jí: Ōn-Nèih a? Ngóh haih Yèuhng-Jí a.
Lòh: Héi! Yèuhng-Jí, Néih hóu! Dòjèh néih fūk ngóh dihnwá.
Làhm: M̀hsái haakhei. Yáuh mātyéh sih a?
Lòh: Séuhng mahnháh néih syúnfoge sih; néih syúnhóu meih a?
Làhm: Syúnhóu la.
Lòh: Néih syúnjó mātyéh fo?
Làhm: Gúmàhn, Saanmàhn, tùhng Jokmàhn fo. Néih ?
Lòh: Ngóh syúnjó Yihndoih Honyúh tùhng Tòhngsì; daahnhaih
m̀hjì juhng yiu syúndī mātyéh hóu.
Làhm: Néih wáa Jokmàhn fo dím a?
Lòh: Géidímjùng ge fo ?
Làhm: Hahjau sàam dím.
Lòh: , géi hóu; juhng hóyíh tùhng néih yātchàih séuhngfo tìm.
Làhm: ! Daahnhaih kàhmyaht haih jeuihàuh yātyaht syún fo ge la bo.
Lòh: , chàahm làh, Ngóh m̀hgeidāk tìm. Dím syun a?
Làhm: M̀hjì a. Bātgwo, néih hóyíh heui mahn Jùngmàhn haih ge Jèung Lóusì.
Lòh: Hóm̀hhóyíh pùih ngóh yātchàih heui a?
Làhm: Hóyíh. Daahnhaih gàmyaht taai ngaan la, kéuih m̀hhéuhngdouh. Yiu dángdou hahgo sìngkèihyāt.
Lòh: Hóu la, hahgo sìngkèihyāt heui.
Làhm: Hóu. Haih gam sìn.

____________Additional Notes____________
This Lesson in Chinese Characters
[Conventions and Grammatical Terms | Particles | Courses of Study | Study Terms ]


We welcome your feedback on these lessons. If you would like to use exercises for each lesson such as Multiple Choice, Fill in the Blank, and Listening Dictation that keep track of your score and progress ad-free, subscribe to this course today!
Follow us on: Facebook Twitter

Copyright 1995-2017 Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. Used under license, see https://languagecanvas.com

Cantonese: Sentence View, click below to listen
Lesson 10: Tóuleuhn Hohkjaahp Gaiwaahk


(Dihnwáa héung, Lòh Ōn-Nèih hàahng gwolèih jip dihnwáa.) Play Video


Lòh Ōn-Nèih: Wéi, Bīnwái a?
Làhm Yèuhng-Jí: Ōn-Nèih a? Ngóh haih Yèuhng-Jí a.
Lòh: Héi! Yèuhng-Jí, Néih hóu! Dòjèh néih fūk ngóh dihnwá.
Làhm: M̀hsái haakhei. Yáuh mātyéh sih a?
Lòh: Séuhng mahnháh néih syúnfoge sih; néih syúnhóu meih a?
Làhm: Syúnhóu la.
Lòh: Néih syúnjó mātyéh fo?
Làhm: Gúmàhn, Saanmàhn, tùhng Jokmàhn fo. Néih nē?
Lòh: Ngóh syúnjó Yihndoih Honyúh tùhng Tòhngsì; daahnhaih m̀hjì juhng yiu syúndī mātyéh hóu.
Làhm: Néih wáa Jokmàhn fo dím a?
Lòh: Géidímjùng ge fo nē?
Làhm: Hahjau sàam dím.
Lòh: M̀, géi hóu; juhng hóyíh tùhng néih yātchàih séuhngfo tìm.
Làhm: Wò! Daahnhaih kàhmyaht haih jeuihàuh yātyaht syún fo ge la bo.
Lòh: Wò, chàahm làh, Ngóh m̀hgeidāk tìm. Dím syun a?
Làhm: M̀hjì a. Bātgwo, néih hóyíh heui mahn Jùngmàhn haih ge Jèung Lóusì.
Lòh: Hóm̀hhóyíh pùih ngóh yātchàih heui a?
Làhm: Hóyíh. Daahnhaih gàmyaht taai ngaan la, kéuih m̀hhéuhngdouh. Yiu dángdou hahgo sìngkèihyāt.
Lòh: Hóu la, hahgo sìngkèihyāt heui.
Làhm: Hóu. Haih gam sìn.

____________Additional Notes____________
This Lesson in Chinese Characters
[Conventions and Grammatical Terms | Particles | Courses of Study | Study Terms ]


We welcome your feedback on these lessons. If you would like to use exercises for each lesson such as Multiple Choice, Fill in the Blank, and Listening Dictation that keep track of your score and progress ad-free, subscribe to this course today!
Follow us on: Facebook Twitter

Copyright 1995-2017 Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. Used under license, see https://languagecanvas.com

American English: Word View, click below to listen
Lesson 10: Tóuleuhn Hohkjaahp Gaiwaahk


(Dihnwáa héung, Lòh Ōn-Nèih hàahng gwolèih jip dihnwáa.) Play Video


Lòh Ōn-Nèih: Wéi, Bīnwái a?
Làhm Yèuhng-Jí: Ōn-Nèih a? Ngóh haih Yèuhng-Jí a.
Lòh: Héi! Yèuhng-Jí, Néih hóu! Dòjèh néih fūk ngóh dihnwá.
Làhm: M̀hsái haakhei. Yáuh mātyéh sih a?
Lòh: Séuhng mahnháh néih syúnfoge sih; néih syúnhóu meih a?
Làhm: Syúnhóu la.
Lòh: Néih syúnjó mātyéh fo?
Làhm: Gúmàhn, Saanmàhn, tùhng Jokmàhn fo. Néih ?
Lòh: Ngóh syúnjó Yihndoih Honyúh tùhng Tòhngsì; daahnhaih
m̀hjì juhng yiu syúndī mātyéh hóu.
Làhm: Néih wáa Jokmàhn fo dím a?
Lòh: Géidímjùng ge fo ?
Làhm: Hahjau sàam dím.
Lòh: , géi hóu; juhng hóyíh tùhng néih yātchàih séuhngfo tìm.
Làhm: ! Daahnhaih kàhmyaht haih jeuihàuh yātyaht syún fo ge la bo.
Lòh: , chàahm làh, Ngóh m̀hgeidāk tìm. Dím syun a?
Làhm: M̀hjì a. Bātgwo, néih hóyíh heui mahn Jùngmàhn haih ge Jèung Lóusì.
Lòh: Hóm̀hhóyíh pùih ngóh yātchàih heui a?
Làhm: Hóyíh. Daahnhaih gàmyaht taai ngaan la, kéuih m̀hhéuhngdouh. Yiu dángdou hahgo sìngkèihyāt.
Lòh: Hóu la, hahgo sìngkèihyāt heui.
Làhm: Hóu. Haih gam sìn.

____________Additional Notes____________
This Lesson in Chinese Characters
[Conventions and Grammatical Terms | Particles | Courses of Study | Study Terms ]


We welcome your feedback on these lessons. If you would like to use exercises for each lesson such as Multiple Choice, Fill in the Blank, and Listening Dictation that keep track of your score and progress ad-free, subscribe to this course today!
Follow us on: Facebook Twitter

Copyright 1995-2017 Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. Used under license, see https://languagecanvas.com

American English: Sentence View, click below to listen
Lesson 10: Tóuleuhn Hohkjaahp Gaiwaahk


(Dihnwáa héung, Lòh Ōn-Nèih hàahng gwolèih jip dihnwáa.) Play Video


Lòh Ōn-Nèih: Wéi, Bīnwái a?
Làhm Yèuhng-Jí: Ōn-Nèih a? Ngóh haih Yèuhng-Jí a.
Lòh: Héi! Yèuhng-Jí, Néih hóu! Dòjèh néih fūk ngóh dihnwá.
Làhm: M̀hsái haakhei. Yáuh mātyéh sih a?
Lòh: Séuhng mahnháh néih syúnfoge sih; néih syúnhóu meih a?
Làhm: Syúnhóu la.
Lòh: Néih syúnjó mātyéh fo?
Làhm: Gúmàhn, Saanmàhn, tùhng Jokmàhn fo. Néih nē?
Lòh: Ngóh syúnjó Yihndoih Honyúh tùhng Tòhngsì; daahnhaih m̀hjì juhng yiu syúndī mātyéh hóu.
Làhm: Néih wáa Jokmàhn fo dím a?
Lòh: Géidímjùng ge fo nē?
Làhm: Hahjau sàam dím.
Lòh: M̀, géi hóu; juhng hóyíh tùhng néih yātchàih séuhngfo tìm.
Làhm: Wò! Daahnhaih kàhmyaht haih jeuihàuh yātyaht syún fo ge la bo.
Lòh: Wò, chàahm làh, Ngóh m̀hgeidāk tìm. Dím syun a?
Làhm: M̀hjì a. Bātgwo, néih hóyíh heui mahn Jùngmàhn haih ge Jèung Lóusì.
Lòh: Hóm̀hhóyíh pùih ngóh yātchàih heui a?
Làhm: Hóyíh. Daahnhaih gàmyaht taai ngaan la, kéuih m̀hhéuhngdouh. Yiu dángdou hahgo sìngkèihyāt.
Lòh: Hóu la, hahgo sìngkèihyāt heui.
Làhm: Hóu. Haih gam sìn.

____________Additional Notes____________
This Lesson in Chinese Characters
[Conventions and Grammatical Terms | Particles | Courses of Study | Study Terms ]


We welcome your feedback on these lessons. If you would like to use exercises for each lesson such as Multiple Choice, Fill in the Blank, and Listening Dictation that keep track of your score and progress ad-free, subscribe to this course today!
Follow us on: Facebook Twitter

Copyright 1995-2017 Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. Used under license, see https://languagecanvas.com